Домашні завдання з англійської мови для 10-го класу. Другий семестр
4. 2. a) Good music is characterized by its lasting qualities. Pop music appeared in the mid-50s. Because you can't hear the words. No, they are not. Bob Dylan sang about death, war, class attitude and justice. б) Музика — "це мистецтво поєднання звуків з точки зору краси форми та висловлювання емоцій". Гарна музика, як будь-яке гарне мистецтво, характе¬ ризується своїми постійними якостями. З цієї точки зору, поп-музика може розглядатися як антитеза музиці. в) 1) Pop music has permeated all the mass media — such as radio, television, cinema, press. 2) Good music, like any good art is characterized by its lasting qualities. 3) Pop music appeared in the mid-50s with the arrival of rock'n'roll. 4) Bob Dylan sings poetically about death, war, class attitude and justice. 5) The Beatles enjoyed popularity because of a good melody.
5.1) We celebrate Christmas on the 7th of January. 2) When Christmas is celebrated in England? 3) The Old New Year is not celebrated in England. 4) "Happy New Year!" we tell on the 1st of January. 5) I have forgotten to greet my sister with Christmas. 6) Who greeted you with Christmas? 7) We had decorated our classroom before the New Year. 8) I always celebrate the New Year at home.
21.1) I have bought two loafs of white bread. 2) My mother asked me to buy a loaf of bread. 3) Where can I buy a bun? 4) I can buy meat at the butcher's shop or at the supermarket. 5) A supermarket is a very big shop. 6) I shall go to buy tinned fish in an hour. 7) My family buys food at the supermarket. 8) We don't buy bread at the butcher's shop. 9) A loaf of bread costs 1 hryvnia. 10) Let's buy tinned meat.
25. Have you any apples? Certainly. Two kilograms, please. Here you are. Here are 3 hryvnias.
Can I help you? Yes, I want this suit. What size? My size is 46. Here it is. Let me try it on. Please. This is a mirror. How much is this suit? 150 hryvnias.
27.1) A short time ago my mother bought food at shops. They were too expensive at the market. Now my mother buys only bread, sugar and butter at the shop. 2) I never buy goods in this shop, they are the most expensive here. 3) I have bought 4 ice-¬creams: for my sister, for my mother, for my father and for me.
31.1); 5); 7); 9).
32.S.A.: Can I help you, madam? L.C.: Yes, I want some butter, some cheese, and eggs: a pound of butter, half a pound of cheese, 10 eggs. S.A.: Yes, madam. L.C.: Oh, I want coffee too. S.A.: What coffee? L.C.: That one. S.A.: Here is your bill. Pay at the cashdesk, please.
34. Див. впр. ЗІ.
38. Bob: Could you show me that shirt, please? Shop-assistant: Do you know your size? Bob: My size in Ukraine is 44. Shop-assistant: It is 17,5 in London. Here you are. Bob: I'd like to try it on. Shop-assistant: You can do it there. Bob: It does not fit me. Could you show me another shirt? Shop-assistant: Here it is. Bob: Oh, I like this. What is the price? Shop-assistant: It is 10$. Bob: I'll take it.
41.1) Shops are very important in our life. 2) We can buy almost all in modern department stores. 3) What can you buy at the department store? 4) You buy fruits at the greengrocer's shop, don't you? 5) We don't buy sugar at the butcher's shop. 6) Where do you buy tinned fruits? 7) Usually food in a supermarket is cheaper than in small shops. 8) What can you buy at the market? 9) I have bought two ice-¬creams. 10) Do you like ice-cream? 11) I bought 4 kilograms of watermelons last Sunday. 12) My sister doesn't like meat. 2.2. a) Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson go to one of the greatest University towns for a few days of rest. Mr. Seames was a lecturer of the college. No, he didn't. The papers were brought from the printer about 3 o'clock. He left the papers upon his writing-table. The papers were in disorder: one was lying on the writing-table, the other was on the floor and the third — on the table near the window. Mr. Seames noticed a hard piece of black clay and the point of a pencil. б) 1) Mr. Seames was going to read the examination papers because the text on these papers must be absolutely correct. 2) On coming back, Mr. Seames saw a key in the door of his room. 3) The only duplicate of the key belonged to the servant. 4) Mr. Seames' servant kept Mr. Seames' rooms in perfect order by cleaning them carefully every day. в) 1) Excuse my coming so late. 2) I can't spare you much time. 3) Holmes wanted to devote his spare time to reading magazines. 4) The translation must be done without a dictionary. (The text is to be translated without a dictionary.) 5) I made the most careful examination of my room. 6) "Look at that", - said Mr. Seames and handed Holmes both the piece of clay and the point.
54.2. a) ground floor, lock the door, to examine the room, industrious students, the former, the latter, the least industrious. How long were you absent? Whom do you suspect? His honesty is absolutely above suspicion. He was fond of sports. He was in greater need of the scholarship. б) Three men lived. Ras, an Indian student. He came in to ask questions about the examination. He left a servant in the room. No, he didn't. Gilford was. The Ras' weakest point was languages. Maclaren was older than Ras and Gilford. He was the least industrious and the most unprincipled man, he spent little time on his studies and felt very nervous on the days followed by the examinations.
60. 1) Yes, I do. 2) No (Yes), she doesn't (she does). 3) I know different kinds of shops, such as chain-stores, supermarket, the butcher's shop, the baker's shop, the greengrocer's shop, delicatessen's shop, department store, haberdashery, ready-made clothes shop, footwear shop, sport goods shop. 4) We buy bread and bun at the baker's. 5) My mother buys food at the supermarket. 6) Yes, she does. 7) Shop-assistants sell food in shops.
70.1) I like cooking. 2) My sister does not like cooking. 3) Phone me in 15 minutes, I am cooking now. 4) You like cooking, don't you? 5) Who likes cooking? — My mother likes. 6) I don't like cutlets. 7) She likes beefsteak with fried potatoes. 8) Take a piece of bread. 9) I have dinner in our canteen usually. 10) My friend never has dinner in our canteen.
79.1) I am having dinner now. 2) He usually has breakfast at half past seven. 3) When do you usually have supper? 4) When will you have dinner tomorrow? 5) When I entered the kitchen, my sister was having supper. 6) What are you doing now? — І am having breakfast. 7) My sister usually doesn't have breakfast at 7 o'clock. 8) My brother isn't having supper now. He is watching TV. 9) I was having supper, when my friend came in. 10) You usually have breakfast at eight o'clock, don't you? 11) Where do you have dinner usually? — In a restaurant.
84. I'd like to drink some juice. What juice would you like? Apple juice. Do you like to drink juice before having dinner? Yes, I do. And what do you usually have for your dinner? Usually I have soup or beetroot soup, mashed potatoes and cutlet or vegetables, cup of tea and cheese.
86.2. a) sporting ground, sporting shoes, to replace the papers, to his luck, unhappy incident, to leave college, let us hope, honest man. He is the most suspicious. What are you going to do? He was hiding behind the curtain. He was not detected. He has been offered employment.
103. Doctor: What's the matter? Patient: I have a headache, a cough and a cold in the head. Doctor: I must examine you. Your throat isn't inflamed. But your temperature is 38. You have to keep to your bed for a few days, and use some medicines. Patient: Thank you. , Doctor: You can buy medicines at the chemist's. Good luck and I'll see you next Monday.
107. 1) I had gargled the throat. 2) What are you doing now? — I am gargling the throat. 3) Where do you buy the pills? — At the chemist's. 4) When I came in, he was taking the medicine. 5) I was gargling the throat, when he phoned me. 6) I was at the doctor's two days ago. 7) What's the matter? — I have a flue. 8) Where is the chemist's? — Round the corner of the street.
111.Outch! What's the matter with you? I have a pain in the knee. Don't worry, I'll telephone to our district doctor. Do you think doctor will come soon? Yes, of course I think so. Now you must keeping to your bed and I'll bandage your knee.
115. 2. 6) old things, well-lit streets, for example, along the dark narrow streets, two rows of benches, quite simple, a sack of wool, seems very funny, central heating, to start fighting, 3. No, they don't. The English Parliament consists of the House of Lords and The House of Commons. There is the strip of a carpet in front of the benches in the House of Commons. The shout "Order!" was often heard in the Houses of Parliament.
119. 2. They knew nothing about, at an early age, to organize the expedition, to help him, to insist on returning home, strange trees and flowers, with great surprise, one of the islands, made settlement, last voyage, being sure. 3. In the 15th century people knew only three continents: Europe, Asia and Africa. Christopher Columbus was born in 1440. The first voyage of Columbus began in 1942, on August 3. On the third voyage Columbus came to South America. It was 1493. In 1506 Columbus died.
1) I'm afraid you are wrong. I think this exercise isn't easy. 2) I'm afraid you are wrong. I think this boy isn't a good friend. 3) I'm afraid you are wrong. This restaurant isn't good. 4) I'm afraid you are wrong. I think I haven't bought a nice present for her. 5) I'm afraid you are wrong. I think she doesn't like coffee. 6) I'm afraid you are wrong. There aren't many books on the shelf. 7) I'm afraid you are wrong. She isn't at school.
15.1) What is John doing now? — He is taking the temperature. 2) What is your brother doing now? — He have taken the temperature and having a rest. 3) Don't forget to take your temperature. 4) What is your sister doing now? — She is taking the medicine. 5) When I came in Jim was taking the medicine. 6) My brother will go to see the doctor tomorrow. He is coughing very much. 7) A doctor prescribes the medicine.
16.2. For measuring value, a money economy based on coins and paper bills, in primitive /societies, more practical system of exchange, precious metals, irrespective of the \ actual metal, issue paper money, promises to pay. Barter was a system of direct I exchange of goods. A coin is a piece of metal. Most modern coins are based on face value. Checks and credit cards are being used increasingly. 3. Money is used for buying or selling goods, for measuring a value and for storing wealth. A money economy based on coins and paper bills. In primitive societies was used a system of barter. , Because people's precise needs seldom coincided. In the form of bills. Checks and credit cards are being used increasingly.
23.1) You must water the flowers. 2) You will have to water the flowers, as I shall go to the country. 3) I can not read this book because I don't know French. 4) I shall not be able to come to see you tomorrow, as I shall be very busy. 5) Can you translate this document in English? 6) In a year you will be able to read English newspapers. 7) Yesterday you had to translate five sentences from Ukrainian into English. 8) May I take your pencil? Mine is broken. 9) As the weather was fine, the children had to walk in the park. 10) You must learn this rule by heart.
24. 2. New Plymouth is a small town in the United States of America. New Plymouth is famous for its rock. Many years ago Indians called the English people "Yankee" as they could not say "Englishman". They brought wild turkeys. The Thanksgiving Day devoted to the holiday of kindness and warmth.
29. At six or seven o'clock we turn on our TV-set. "What is of today?" my little brother Bill likes to ask me. Mother doesn't allow Bill to see all the programmes, and he is sometimes angry with us. Of course he likes to see the children's programmes, but that is not enough for him. As you know, Bill is a little boy and he goes to bed at nine o'clock. When the programme is over and we turn off the TV-set, little Bill is already asleep. He gets at eight o'clock. As for me, I go to bed at ten and get up at seven.
31.1) I lost my pen and had to write by pencil. 2) It will be Sunday tomorrow, but I have to go to school. 3) I had to return this book yesterday. 4) My brother will be able to translate this text tomorrow. 5) You could do this yesterday, couldn't you? 6) Your sister can play hockey, can't she? 7) Who will be able to come to a skating-rink tomorrow? — I shall. 8) May I take your pencil? —Yes, you may. 9) When I shall be able to see you?
38.2. at last, of course, like Harris, put the things back, one by one, do the rest, piles of plates. They broke a cup. I am sure I put it down on that chair. They packed it in the tea-pot. 3. They began packing. Yes, itwas. No, they were not. They didn't know how to pack things. They forgot useful things, broke a cup, put butter on a chair and packed it in the tea-pot. 39.1) My room is neither large nor small than yours. 2) July is neither long nor short, than August. 3) John is neither older nor younger, than his friend. 4) This clock neither good nor bad, than that. 5) I saw neither Peter nor his sister. 6) I didn't read neither this book nor that. 7) I didn't buy neither meat nor butter. 8) She didn't buy neither dress nor shirt.
51.2. Most schools in England have a sports day once a year in late spring or in summer. The children are taken to the field in buses. That day organized very well. Many events took place at that time. All the competitors change into their sports clothes. They change into sports clothes for the sport competitions. The running track is circular. 3. once a year, in buses, change into sports clothes, places for the high jump, at the same time, a break for lunch. They give up their programme and go back to school. The winners of different events are congratulated.
58.1) Ukraine is a unitary state. 2) The state language in Ukraine is the Ukrainian language. 3) The languages of national minorities are defended by the Constitution of Ukraine. 4) The territory of Ukraine is indivisible. 5) Ukraine is a law based state. 6) In Ukraine there is a single citizenship. 56.1) The first president of Ukraine was Mykhailo Hrushevski. 2) The first president of Ukraine elected by a national vote was Leonid Kravchuk. 3) The Constitution of Ukraine secures political rights of citizens. 4) The Act of Declaration of Ukrainian Independence of 24 August 1991 was approved by a national vote. 5) The Constitution of Ukraine consists of 15 chapters, 161 articles. 6) My rights are inviolable. 7) Censorship in Ukraine is prohibited. 8) The Constitution established a political system of Ukraine. 9) We must develop a democratic state. 10) Ukraine is a member of the Council of Europe.
63.2; 3; 4; 5; 9; 68.1) The Constitution of Ukraine is a Fundamental Law of state. 2) The Cabinet of Ministers is accountable to the Verhovna Rada. 3) The citizens of Ukraine have not just rights but also duties. 4) The Verhovna Rada has adopted the Constitution on behalf of the Ukrainian nation. 5) The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine is the highest body of the executive power. 6) The 28 of June is the state holiday in Ukraine.